|Inventory No: NAPT.1999.000013
|UNIDENTIFIED Artist, Faience; Painted Clay Figure Standing, Mayan, (8")
Faience; Painted Clay Figure Standing,
700 B.C. – 400 B.C.
The Classic period (c. 250–900 AD) witnessed the peak of large-scale construction and urbanism, the recording
of monumental inscriptions, and a period of significant intellectual and artistic development, particularly in the southern
lowland regions. They developed an agriculturally intensive, city-centered empire consisting of numerous independent city-states.
This includes the well-known cities of
Palenque, Copán and Calakmul, but also
the lesser known Dos Pilas, Uaxactun, Altun Ha, and
Bonampak, among others. The Early Classic settlement distribution in the northern Maya lowlands is not as
clearly known as the southern zone, but does include a number of population centers, such as Oxkintok, Chunchucmil, and the
early occupation of
Uxmal. The most notable monuments are the stepped pyramids they built in their religious centers and the accompanying palaces
of their rulers. The palace at Cancuen is the largest in the Maya area, though the site, interestingly, lacks pyramids. Other
important archaeological remains include the carved stone slabs usually called stelae (the Maya called them tetun, or "tree-stones"),
which depict rulers along with hieroglyphic texts describing their genealogy, military victories, and other accomplishments.
The Maya civilization participated in long distance trade with many of the other Mesoamerican cultures, including Teotihuacan,
the Zapotec and other groups in central and Gulf-Coast Mexico, as well as with more distant, non-Mesoamerican groups, for
example the Tainos in the Caribbean. Archeologists have also found gold from
Panama in the Sacred Cenote of Chichen Itza. Important
trade goods included cacao, salt, sea shells, jade and obsidian.
Mayan Figure, Painted Faience
Materials: Clay and natural
Neal Prince Trust u/a/d 10.18.1999
Mr. Neal Prince
Mr. Neal Prince and
Mr. Herbert Waide Hemphill, Jr.¹
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