Neal Prince Trust
being the Grantor to the
Neal A. Prince and Herbert W. Hemphill, Jr. Estate Holding Trust u/a/d 05/08/2000
which is the legal owner of this item below:

AYLMER, GR (c.1898), British
Pen and Ink Drawing on White Paper
“St. Simoen Stylites and Angles”
(14-½ " x 10-3/4") ca.1898 (estimated)


Neal Prince:

Artist A - G

Artist H - P

Artist Q - T

Artist U - Z


Costume Design Collection

Neal Prince & Herbert W. Hemphill, Jr. Collections 1950-1967

Fine Arts Appraisal for Herbert W. Hemphill, Jr., 1964

Fine Arts Appraisal for Neal Prince, 1969



Inventory No: NAPT.1999.000601
GR Aylmer, 1898, British Author and Illustrator

Artist:           GR Aymer ¹, British

Title:            “St. Simoen Stylites and Angles” ³

Date:            1898 (estimated) ¹

Medium:      Illustration

Materials:     Pen and Ink Illustration on Paper

Markings:     Signed by the Artist on the Lower right corner, “GR Aylmer” ²

Dimensions: 14-½” x 10-3/4”

Framed:        Yes, item has remained in the original frame when acquired by Mr.

Prince and Mr. Hemphill, Jr.;

Inventory No:NAPT.1999.000601

Provenance Neal Prince Trust u/a/d 10.18.1999

Mr. Neal Prince

Mr. Neal Prince and Mr. Herbert Waide Hemphill, Jr.¹

Roy Davis Galleries, 231 East 60th Street, New York, New York 10022


Footnote¹:             This item is part of Mr. Prince's Illustration Collection.



Footnote 2:            Period of the artwork was extracted from an affidavit from Mr. Prince.


Footnote 3:            Limited information available on the artist. Only information available on artist was in the following publication, “The Reviews of Reviews”, 1896, London, Mowbray House Norfork Street, WC, Publishing Office: 125 Fleet Street, E.C., ©1897, which this publication indexes all of the various magazines for the year of 1896.  Mr. G.R. Aylmer published an illustration titled, “His Lordship” in the Art Magazine, J, XII, Feb. 45.


Footnote 4:             Stylites were solitaries who, taking up their abode upon the tops of a pillar (stylos), chose to spend their days amid the restraints thus entailed and in the exercise of other forms of asceticism. This practice may be regarded as the climax of a tendency which became very pronounced in Eastern lands in the latter part of the fourth century. The duration and severity of the fasts then practiced almost pass belief, but the evidence is overwhelming, and the general correctness of the accounts preserved to us is not disputed. Besides the mortification of the appetite, submission to restraints of all kinds became at this period an end in itself. Palladius tells us (Ch. xlviii) of a hermit in Palestine who dwelt in a cave on the top of a mountain and who for the space of twenty-five years never turned his face to the West. St. Gregory of Nazianzus (P.G., XXXVII, 1456) speaks of a solitary who stood upright for many years together, absorbed in contemplation, without ever lying down. Theodoret assures us that he had seen a hermit who had passed ten years in a tub suspended in midair from poles (Philotheus, Ch. XXVIII). There seems to be no reason to doubt that it was the ascetical spirit manifested in to such examples of these which spurred men on to devise new and more ingenious forms of self-crucifixion, and which in Year 423, led Simeon Stylites, the Elder, first of all to take up his abode on the top of a pillar. Critics, as it is true, have recalled a passage in Lucian (De Syria Dea, cc. XXVIII - XXIX) which speaks of a high column at Hierapolis to the top of which a man ascended twice a year and spent a week in converse with the gods, but scholars think it unlikely that Simeon had derived any suggestion from this pagan custom, which certainly had died out before his time. In any case Simeon had a continuous series of imitators, more particularly in Syria and Palestine. St. Daniel Stylites may have been the first of these, for he had been a disciple of St. Simeon and began his rigorous way of life shortly after his master died. Daniel was a Syrian by birth, but he established himself near Constantinople, where he was visited by both the Emperor Leo and the Emperor Zeno. Simeon, the Younger (q.v.), like his namesake, lived near Antioch; however he died in Year 596, and had for a contemporary hardly less famous Stylites in St. Alypius, whose pillar had been erected near Adrianople in Paphlagonia. Saint Alypius, after standing upright for fifty-three years found his feet no longer able to support him, but instead of descending from his pillar.  Thus, he lay down on his side and spent the remaining fourteen years of his life in that position. St. Luke the Younger, another famous pillar hermit that lived in the tenth century on Mount Olympus, he also seems to have been of Asiatic parentage. There were many other Stylites besides these of who were not so famous and also included women Stylites. One or two isolated attempts seem to have been made to introduce this form of asceticism into the West, but it met with little favor. In the East, cases of Stylites existed in to the twelfth century; such as in the Russian Orthodox Church, which lasted until the Year of 1161 and among the Ruthenians even later. There can be no doubt that for the majority of the pillar hermits, the extreme austerity of which we read in the lives of the Simeons and of Alypius was somewhat mitigated. Upon the summit of some of the columns for example, a tiny hut was erected as a shelter against sun and rain, and we hear of other hermits of the same class among the Monophysites, who lived inside a hollow pillar rather than upon it; but the life in any case must have been one of extraordinary endurance and privation. Probably the best justification of these excesses of austerity is to be found in the fact that, like the great renunciation of St. Melania the Younger, they did, in an age of terrible corruption and social decadence, impress the need of penance more than anything else could have done upon the minds and imagination of Oriental Christians.

GR Aylmer (late 19th Century) British

 See Footnote ²

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